ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

Islamic architecture of the world around constantly evolving since the 7th century,fascinates those who see it.Dazzling elements of Islamic Architecture, bright colors, rich patterned and gorgeous symmetry around the world fascinates those who see it. Architectural works which formed by synthesis of different cultures have general universal features.

There are 3 types of mosques in Islamic architecture typology.

1. Multi-Column Hypostyle Mosque
2. Eyvanlı Mosque
3. Center Planned Mosque

ŞAM EMEVİYE MOSQUE

(705-715)
Multiple Column Hypostyle Mosque.This lands where one of the the oldest settlement in the world are have done many civilizations home ownership.

IRAN ISFAHAN ŞAH MOSQUE

(1598-1611)
İvan Mosque.An excellent example of Iran Persian architecture mosque is one of the masterpieces with the beauty of his calligraphy, and seven colored mosaic tile decorations.

JARUSALEM DOME OF THE ROCK

(685-691)
Centered Planned Mosque.Dome of the Rock was accepted sacred in three religions.The Dome before wood and covered with lead, but moreafter this, Suleiman the Magnificent had the dome covered with gold.The first examples of Kufic writing have used here, writings were written on tiles.

SELJUKIAN BURUCİYE MADRASAH

Buruciye Medresesi/Sivas
Buruciye Madrasah with its gorgeous crown gate is among the most famous structures of Sivas and Anatolia.It was built for teaching physics, chemistry and astronomy.

TAJ MAHAL MOSQUE, INDIA

(1593-1666)
Taj Mahal, is among world's most labor and money spent construction.During building the stones had moved with thousands of elephants from China, Thibet, Sri Lanka, Arabian geography and Afghanistan.

SPAIN CORTOBA MOSQUE

(785-795)
Cordoba Mosque builded during Caliphate of Cordoba is the most magnificent mosque in Spain. It was built the materials brought from Iraq Syria and many places of East and decorated with precious stones.One of the important features of the mosque is its columns.Although the structure was completed in 10 years, it had took 205 years.

ALHAMBRA PALACE SPAIN

The palace was named Alhambra meant red in Arabian because the clay used during construction was reddish color and during sunset, red rays falling on it was reflecting on its walls.

SELİMİYE MOSQUE

(1574)
Ernst Diez says for this mosque completed in 1574: "Selimiye; in terms of space size, height, community and light effect is predominated than all the structures on earth. "
There are 4 Plan Types in Traditional Turkish Houses
1) Plan Types without Sofa
2) Plan Types with External Sofa
3) Internal Sofa Plan Types
4) Medium Sofa Plan Types

TYPES IN TRADITIONAL TURKISH HOUSES

In the traditional Turkish house, the main floor is always unique.And this main floor is absolutely upstairs.Livings areas had been arranged in considering physical conditions such as sunlight wind direction, air circulation,ideally, on the other hand, a case of privacy was considered as a necessities of being a large family.Living area had been completed with functional units suchas on the ground forecourt mostly (Hayat),business house (Bağdabi), cellar (Mahzen), storeroom, hayloft, barn.The most decisive section is undoubtedly the Sofas of the houses.The Sofas are common and gathering area openedall other rooms, floors and units.The Sofaas called different names in different regions such as divanhane, çardak, sergâh, sayvan, sergi .Furthermore in late Ottoman Empire palaces, pavilions and kiosks, the sofas had transformed to a striking cultural element with its rich wood carving; abstract decorations and gypsum ceilings rather than being an architectural element.

GSA

Gülhanım Sümeyra Architecture

Marmara, Ulusum Cd. 4/1, 34524 Deniz İstanbul Mercan Konakları B:24 D:10 Beylikdüzü/İstanbul | 0532 169 43 49
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.